Our methods and forms of working with children are based on the latest core curriculum of the Ministry of National Education. In addition, the methods created by educationalist Maria Kwiatkowska help us achieve a child's comprehensive development:
Methods based on a child's individual activities, i.e. active methods:
- the method of self-reliant experiences, where we create conditions for children to enable them to play on their own, make establishing contact with the social environment, nature and art easier on a child's initiative;
- the method of leading an activity, where the teacher inspires a child's spontaneous activity through encouragement, a suggestion, some advice or suggesting an idea;
- the method of tasks, where the teacher inspires to exploring new phenomena, acquiring and using specific skills by suggesting some tasks, but not the ways how to solve them. It additionally stimulates a child's imagination and creativity;
- the method of exercises – children systematically repeat activities to improve them, consolidate information and attitudes as well as practice their muscles.
Methods based on observation, i.e. visual methods:
- through the observation and presentation of objects, phenomena, or activities children learn about the world around them and learn everyday activities such as eating meals on their own, getting dressed, and taking walks together.
- the method of role models, where teachers set an example as role models for their pupils with their attitude, behaviour as well as clothing.
- Children are acquainted with art by teaching them the reception of works of art such as paintings, music, literature or theatre plays so they can develop in a comprehensive way. Everyday contact with literature, music and art helps us to sensitize children to art.
Methods based on words (word methods):
- The teacher enriches children's vocabulary through talks, stories and riddles, and children can learn texts, poems and songs by heart, which they repeat very eagerly later.
- The aunts explain everything very precisely and give instructions so the children can learn and play easier.
- We teach social communication.
- We use the live word methods, which enhance feelings and cognitive processes by stimulating a child's imagination and motivation.
In our teaching and educational work we also use:
- Fairy tale therapy, which helps to overcome fears related to different situations. We use properly selected texts. As a result, positive thinking appears in a child's psyche, children start to understand their feelings, their indications as well as causes. Therapeutic fairy tales show how you should cope and present some behavioural patterns.
- Elements of children's mathematics by Edyta Gruszczyk-Kolczyńska and Ewa Zielińska.
- Elements of the Developmental Movement Method, a therapy and developmental support by Veronica Sherborne.
- Methods of education through play according to the Polish Association of Educators and Animators KLANZA, the method of creative expression and free play.
- Active listening to music by Batti Strauss.
- Elements of M. Montessori's methods – we support a child's spontaneous and creative activity and help develop individual personality traits, shape a proper character, gain knowledge, school skills and cooperation skills.
- Method of teaching how to read by Irena Majchrzak, PhD, which we use even among children aged 2-3. This involves introducing the child into the world of words through games and play, and most of all through understanding a whole word, not individual letters.
- The simultaneous-sequential method by Prof. Jagoda Cieszyńska (the Cracow method), which prepares children for learning how to read by using the syllable method. It is based on results of numerous contemporary neuropsychological studies and many years of therapeutic and speech-therapy experience. This method gives great results because it uses the natural tendency of all people to talk in syllables.
In order to make children active, in our work we use:
- brainstorming to stimulate creativity and imagination;
- the method of tasks, where children look for solutions to complete a task on their own, carefully supervised by the aunts;
- activities and board games, which teach to strictly follow rules, affect creative thinking, develop imagination, force to cooperation;
- drama, where we inspire children to have a feel for the roles, improvisation, which involves movements, gestures, speech, thoughts and feelings. Drama allows you to better understand yourself and others at the level of emotions and feelings.